Safe data storage is an essential aspect of any enterprise IT strategy. It involves identifying and minimizing threats to the safety of sensitive or confidential information while making that information available to those who need it.
The most important and fundamental aspect of safe data storage is to ensure that the physical security of a data storage location, record or file is as strong as it is to stop unauthorized access by people inside or external attackers. This is done by using access control based on role to limit the scope and extent of access privileges a user has. This also includes utilizing a system to record the removal and reentry of records in order to ensure that data is not removed or retrieved by unauthorised users.
Another important element of safe data storage is the use of an extremely secure password to safeguard all records. Passwords must be hard to identify and should not be shared or left on desks where they can easily be found.
Immutable storage can be a great option to prevent malicious actors from altering data on disks, SSDs, and the cloud. This is achieved by a combination of encryption as well as other security controls, such as traffic profiling and machine learning-based systems to prevent data loss.
Of course, no data storage system is secure however the goal is to make it as hard to hack as you can, so that the cost to hackers is greater than the value of the compromised data. A comprehensive IT infrastructure for secure data storage should include regular updates and patches to all operating software and systems, as well as a solid security framework for the network that blocks unauthorized users from accessing storage systems and redundant storage to guard against hardware failure or natural disasters.